Hjartabilun

These two work in the heartbreak of a heart failure at the National Hospital.

Heart failure is called a condition when the heart’s capacity is limited for some reason. Often this occurs following acute myocardial infarction / heart attack, but in addition, many other factors such as disease or aging may affect or be a cause of heart failure.

A person who is born with heart disease has a vascular disease or a heart attack does not need heart failure unless any of these problems prevent the heart from pumping sufficient blood through the body.

Heart failure is a condition that generally does not deteriorate, but gradually deteriorates over time. However, it is highly individualized how fast or if the disease develops and medication may have a good effect and even keep symptoms for a minimum of longer periods.

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The symptoms most commonly associated with heart failure are: Dyspnoea and sleepiness, restlessness, especially when exposed to orthopnea due to inflammation and fluid retention in the lungs and general fatigue. Those who suffer from long-term heart failure are familiar with the symptoms of waves, and the weather can therefore have a significant impact.

Progress in medicine is great that various attempts have proven to be heartbreaking well. These include surgery, pacemaker transplantation / various remedies and end stage cardiac failure, cardiac transplantation is performed in selected cases when conditions for such interventions are available. It is also appropriate to point out that stem cell therapy appears to be in sight within a few years that can reverse the treatment of heart failure.

Flokkun hjartabilunar
Samkvæmt heimasíðu Landlæknisembættisins má skipta hjartabilun í fjóra flokka:

  • Flokkur I Engin skerðing á þreki; venjuleg áreynsla leiðir ekki til óeðlilegrar þreytu, mæði eða hjartsláttareinkenna.
  • Flokkur II Væg skerðing á þreki; engin einkenni í hvíld en venjuleg áreynsla veldur þreytu, mæði eða hjartsláttareinkennum.
  • Flokkur III Mikil skerðing á þreki; engin einkenni í hvíld en þau koma fram við litla áreynslu.
  • Flokkur IV Sjúklingur getur ekkert gert án þess að fá einkenni; Þau eru oft til staðar í hvíld og aukast við minnstu áreynslu.

Samkvæmt flokkuninni hér að ofan lýsir hjartabilun sér ekki eins hjá öllum og hver sjúklingur getur farið á milli flokka eftir því hvort hann á góðan dag eða slæman. En á heildina litið geta margir hjartabilaðir lifað nokkuð eðlilegu lífi, innan skynsemismarka á meðan aðrir þurfa að hafa mikið fyrir athöfnum daglegs lífs og lifa við verulega eða mikið skert lífsgæði.

Það skal þó tekið fram að eftir því sem læknisfræðinni fleygir fram fjölgar þeim sem lifa af hjartaáföll og að sama skapi fjölgar mjög þeim sem lifa til lengri tíma með hjartabilun.

Although the development and cardiac failure development may not be encouraging, a large proportion of those with heart failure can survive a meaningful and varied life over time. Certainly there may be periods where the disease takes a lot of space in the lives of those suffering from it and sometimes heart failure can be a very difficult task.

It is also right to state that at the National Hospital there is a powerful outpatient hospitalization for heart failure, and I allow myself to assert that the department’s activities have changed the situation of many people suffering from heart failure.

Here is a link to the outpatient heart failure.

Björn Ófeigs.

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